Cognitive training is the intentional training of mental tasks that require cognitive processes such attention, impulse control, and working memory. It involves playing games and solving puzzles on a computer.
Cognitive training improves cognitive functioning, mental health and wellbeing. It is a way of exercising the brain, which leads to increased blood flow and strengthening of neural networks supporting cognitive skills.
Cognitive training can be used to improve cognitive and behavioural control in conditions such as ADHD, but also to improve impulse control and working memory capacity for sporting performance. It is also used to facilitate recovery of cognitive functions that has been lost or impaired after traumatic injury or stroke.
Cognitive training can be paired with brain stimulation treatment to increase efficacy.